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Java 8 includes a nifty new class which was made specifically to manage missing values. It is a wrapper class which contains either an instance of the given class or a null value. Therefore, it is possible to manipulate null values as if they were normal instances without necessarily having to perform a null check at every step.
If you're versed in Functional Programming, you may have guessed that Optional is the Java implementation of a maybe monad.
You can check if the Optional contains a value with the
An instance of Optional can be created from a potentially null object with the
How is this helpful? Now, by using the
map() method, you can perform an operation on your Optional object without needing to check if a value exists first.
Don't hesitate to check out Optional in the javadoc.
Try to solve the two exercises below:
Tip: the Stream API works very well with Optionals 😉