"Magic Methods" of Python Classes


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"Magic Methods" or "Dunder Methods" of Python Classes

The __str__ method of the Fruit class has been overridden for a formatted string representation.

The __eq__ method has been overridden to check the equality of objects.

Note that in the __eq__ method, we ensure that the passed other object is of the correct type before checking equality (isinstance()) to avoid errors.

Using __getitem__, we can retrieve the attribute values of a Fruit object using a key, and with __setitem__, we can update the attribute values using a key. This allows us to access and modify the attributes of an object as if it were a dictionary.

Advanced usage

If you want a more complex example (external libraries, viewers...), use the Advanced Python template

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