c++17 std::optional

Shaju
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std::optional

  • Is not going to dynamic allocation on it's own
  • optional set the value and call destructor when exit.
  • not supported by constexpr

example

include <optional>

int main()
{	
	std::optional<int> o{13}; // if init return 13
	return o.value_or(2); // else return 2
}

more example

#include <string>	
#include <iostream>
#include <optional>

std::optional<std::string> create(bool b) {
  if (b)
    return "Godzilla";
  return {};
}

auto create2(bool b) {
  return b ? std::optional<std::string>{"Godzilla"} : std::nullopt;
}

int main()
{
  std::cout << "create(false) returned"
    		<< create(false).value_or("empty") << '\n';
  if (auto str = create2(true)) {
    std::cout << "create2(true) returned " << *str << '\n';
  }
}	

Output

create(false) returned empty
create2(true) returned Godzilla
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